By Gordon Williams
An American Red Cross blood drive set for Feb. 21 in central Seattle promises to be something special. The blood drive, held at the Central Area Youth Association, sponsored by Safeway and Albertsons, will be aimed at collecting blood from new and diverse donors. The date, set within Black History Month, is an opportunity to recognize an important individual to the Red Cross: Dr. Charles Drew.
Dr. Drew is a prominent figure in Red Cross history. He was a 20th Century African-American surgeon and researcher whose breakthroughs made possible the blood collection system as we know it today.
It will be the first Dr. Charles Drew blood drive in Seattle, but not for the Pacific Northwest. A Charles Drew blood drive set for June 15 in Portland, Oregon, will be the 14th held in that city.
“Our goal the first year was just 35 units of blood,” says Charletta Malone, executive assistant in the Red Cross West Blood Services Division. “Our goal for this year’s Portland drive is 100 units, and we collected more than 100 units last year.”
Expanding the drive to Seattle should increase opportunities for African-American donors to give to the Red Cross. And that promises to be just the start of something big. “My goal is to set up Dr. Charles Drew blood drives throughout the nation,” says Malone. “It is important for the Red Cross to be hosting blood drives in his name everywhere.”
Another goal of the Seattle event is to increase the supply of blood available to treat sickle cell anemia–a disease that primarily affects individuals of African descent. As many as 100,000 Americans are affected [by sickle cell disease, and about 1 in 13 black or African-American babies is born with the sickle cell trait. Donors who carry the sickle cell trait should know they are not disqualified from donating blood for that reason. Diverse donors are important, because sickle cell patients are less likely to have complications from blood donated by someone with a similar ethnicity or racial background.
Register to give blood today! Visit RedCrossBlood.org and enter sponsor code: CharlesDrewSeattle
It makes good sense to hold a blood drive–any kind of blood drive–in February. Blood donations tend to decline during the winter months. The Red Cross recently noted that more than 27,000 fewer blood and platelet donations were collected the weeks of Christmas and New Year’s than needed to sustain a sufficient blood supply, as busy holiday schedules kept donors away. As a result, the Red Cross has an emergency need for blood donations. Blood products are needed every day for patients, including those receiving treatment for sickle cell disease.
ABOUT DR. CHARLES DREW:
Dr. Drew was born in Washington, D.C.–the son of a carpet layer. He attended Amherst College on an athletic scholarship and got his medical education in Canada, since there were few places for blacks in U.S. medical schools. He then taught at Howard University–a black college in Washington.
In 1940 he was named director of the Blood for Britain project–a pioneering blood collection effort meant to aid war-torn Britain. When that program ended, he brought his blood collecting and processing innovations to the Red Cross–becoming the first medical director of the Red Cross in 1941.
It was Dr. Drew whose research breakthroughs made it possible to process and preserve blood–laying the foundations for blood collecting as we know it.
Tragically, Dr. Drew died in a car accident in 1950, but his legacy as a medical pioneer lives on. Every donation and every transfusion of blood is based on techniques Dr. Drew created.
Dr. Hank Hanna, medical director of the Red Cross Pacific Northwest Blood Services Region says, “His legacy is far-reaching and we hope this drive helps educate the community about the need for a diverse blood supply.”
Did you know? The Red Cross must collect 13,000 blood donations each day to supply the nation’s hospitals.